It is not just longer term retirement savings rates that are troubling. When it comes to short-term savings the problem is just as bad. According to this report from MarketWatch, the vast majority (80%) of Americans live "paycheck to paycheck" and have essentially no savings. See chart below from linked article:
According to this, 72% of Americans have less than $5000 in savings and almost 60% had under $1000. My understanding is that this is the amount in traditional savings accounts. I would bet that the real numbers are actually worse, people tend to lie in polls especially when admitting you have no savings which makes you sound like an idiot (I am one of those idiots). It also leaves you extremely vulnerable to any sort of disruption. Thanks to job promoting policies, unemployment is very low and it is a great time to be looking for a job as employers are desperate for people who will show up to work on time and sober. If you can fog a mirror and pass a drug test, you have your pick of jobs. But the horizon looks stormy with elections coming up in 2020 and dimwits in the Democrat party proposing ever more insane ways to bankrupt the nation while bribing potential voters. Very few of us look further ahead than the end of the day and have no clue what to do in the event of serious financial calamity.
It hasn't helped that for many years now regular savings accounts are paying next to nothing in interest, nor are CDs, thanks to insanely low rates from the Federal reserve. That has driven many people invest in riskier equities, which is fine as part of an investment strategy but not when you have no short-term savings and are reliant on borrowing from your 401k.
|Most Americans on a daily basis|
I have been looking out a few years and there seems to be an impending convergence of Real Bad Stuff™ that should all be hitting at about the same time, maybe 8-12 years from now, including the insolvency of Medicare and Social Security.
In the next ten years the last of the Baby Boomers will hit "retirement age" which is traditionally 65. The standard figure we see in the media all the time is that 10,000 Boomers retire every day. That is probably too high so let's say 7500 retire every day. That is 2.7 million per year. Even if you further round that down to 2.5 million retiring per year, that works out to another 25 million Boomers entering retirement in the next decade until the last one hits age 65 on December 31, 2029. That makes their total number huge. According to the Population Research Bureau:
The Census Bureau currently projects that the baby-boom population will total 61.3 million in 2029, when the youngest boomers reach age 65. By 2031, when the youngest baby boomers reach age 67 (the age at which persons born in 1964 can receive full Social Security benefits), the baby-boom population is projected to be even lower, at 58.2 million.
So in just a few years we will have almost 60 million Baby Boomers in retirement.
It is not just the savings side of the equation. There is also the issue of debt and the old culturally reinforced notions of that are also out the window. Back in the day a young couple would get married, save some money for a down payment and then take out a mortgage. A lot of people bought a house and stayed in it, maybe adding on as kids came along but in the same house. My parents lived in the same house my entire life until they retired to their vacation home in Michigan. Now people tend to keep trading up to bigger and more expensive houses and every time you move to a new home with a new mortgage you reset the standard 30 year mortgage clock. A 30 year old with a 30 year mortgage would pay off his mortgage at age 60, years before retirement. The timing is great. Your house is paid off and you are at the peak of your retirement savings. But more and more people are taking out long mortgages later in life and that means carrying a mortgage into retirement. Many outlets are taking note like in this article from 2016 at Zerohedge: Baby Boomers Are Drowning In Loans: Debt Of Average 67-Year-Old Soared 169% In Past 12 Years. In the article this stat is quoted:
Some more details from the WSJ: the average 65-year-old borrower has 47% more mortgage debt and 29% more auto debt than 65-year-olds had in 2003.
Then look at this tweet from the New York Federal Reserve:
Debt held by Americans aged 50-80 increased by 59% from 2003 to 2015 https://t.co/EVx3ojT9OH pic.twitter.com/vqHUSiIwmE— New York Fed (@NewYorkFed) February 12, 2016
That is not a great situation. No savings, historically high debt, tons of people entering the retirement system and fewer people making less money paying into the system.
Oh, and life expectancy is probably going to start going back up soon so people will keep living longer.
So what? That is a lot of bad stuff, doom and gloom. But so what? What does it mean? The internet is full of essentially all of the data ever compiled by mankind and most of it is meaningless.
Here is my so-what: millions of Americans have worked most of their lives and are now in the middle-aged category. They have been dutifully showing up to work, paying taxes (especially Social Security and Medicare) with the promise of retirement. Lots of us, like me and my wife, started paying into those programs as teens in the 1980s. Most of us aren't planning on anything extravagant, just a quiet retirement with a little travel and spending time with grandkids. More and more it is looking like this was all just a lie. Many, perhaps most, of us will never be able to "retire" in the way we understood it: not having to work. I am not speaking of people who work odd jobs or as a greeter at Wal-Mart because they are bored, rather I am speaking about those of us who will have to keep working well beyond the magical retirement age of 65. We are starting to realize that we have been lied to over and over. The government lied to us as it looted the retirement system to bribe voters. The culture-makers lied to us by convincing us to not have kids while pushing to replace us with foreign workers that resent us and have no loyalty toward the people that built this country. Many workers trusted their unions to protect them but are finding out now that both private and public union retirement funds are in worse shape than Social Security as union officials negotiated ridiculous deals while lining their own pockets.
Most people are not aware of this yet. They are still caught up in the day to day stuff, raising kids and paying for college, just getting through the workweek. But they will start to realize this sooner or later. When they do they are going to be angry and they should. Tens of millions of us are going to pay hundreds of thousands into the Social Security system over our working life only to get to the age where it is our turn to start taking out only to find the coffers empty. The people responsible will be long gone for the most part and behind us will be millions of younger people living in America demanding their share of the shrinking pie.
Of course a lot of this is our own fault. We should have been saving more for retirement but that is a tough sell. As part of my professional career I used to lead meetings for employers to tell their employees about the importance of saving in their 401k plan (the real reason for those meetings was to pump up participation in the lower ranks so the highly compensated employees could save more). I would travel around the country, from a factory the middle of nowhere in North Dakota to a swanky downtown Los Angeles law firm. Wherever I went I saw and heard the same thing. They understood how important it was to save but they probably weren't going to. The cost of daily life was too high and the demand for consumer spending was too great. Who wants to delay buying a new electronic widget today to save for some theoretical retirement in 30 years?
Blame is where you place it but it isn't going to matter when people turn 58 and look out a few years and realize they see nothing but work as far as the eye can see with no prospect of retiring because the supplemental bit of income they were supposed to get from Social Security is not going to be there. Meanwhile younger Americans are demanding (and likely by that time getting) a "Universal Basic Income" for doing nothing, including people who are "unwilling to work" thanks to the "Green New Deal".
The retirement crisis is a real one and it is going to be compounded by the identity politics that dominate our political landscape. Math is hard according to Barbie but it is real. In a story at Zero Hedge I recently linked to, US Budget Deficit Hits A Record $234 Billion As Interest On Debt Soars, I saw another graph that was worrying.
Finally, and perhaps most concerning, is that for the first four months of this fiscal year, interest payments on the U.S. national debt hit $221 billion, $19 billion, or 9% more than in the same five-month period last year. As a reminder, according to the Treasury's conservative budget estimates, interest on the U.S. public debt is on track to reach a record $591 billion this fiscal year, more than the entire budget deficit in FY 2014 ($483 BN) or FY 2015 ($439 BN), and equates to almost 3% of estimated GDP, the highest percentage since 2011.
According to the same story we are only a short time away from the interest on the debt exceeding defense spending. Something will have to give. Do you think all of these swell "new Americans" being imported are going to have any loyalty to the old white people that built this country? They are fed a steady diet of racial hatred and resentment. If the choice is to cut back on their own social welfare programs or to cut back on the old people programs, which do you think they will choose? Make no mistake, we will have to choose.
What will America do with tens of millions of elderly Americans who physically or mentally can't work but can't afford not to work who don't have access to the promised security programs? This is one of the most pressing problems for the mid-term future but no one is talking about it, as usual, and they certainly won't until it is too late. Why bring up a topic that you have no answer for and any suggested solution will doom your re-election?
This is a problem with no solution and it is going to be a huge one. No one is coming to rescue you, so you better plan for a future with no retirement programs right now.